Additional Requirements

Additional Requirements


Local AHJ requirements
Check local jurisdiction Municipal Code for possible additional requirements
Nationwide Municipal Codes Library
California-specific Municipal Codes Library

Fire alarm system components
All system components shall be California State Fire Marshal (CSFM) listed.
Check CSFM Building Materials Listings website for compliance.
907.1.3 Equipment. Systems and components shall be
California State Fire Marshal listed and approved in
accordance with California Code of Regulations, Title 19,
Division 1
for the purpose for which they are installed.
2016 CBC 907.1.3

Central station monitoring
Fire alarm system shall be monitored by an approved supervising station.
907.6.6 Monitoring. Fire alarm systems required by
this chapter or by the California Fire Code shall be
monitored by an approved supervising station in accordance
with NFPA 72 and this section.

Exception: Monitoring by a supervising station is not
required for:
1. Single- and multiple-station smoke alarms
required by Section 907.2.11.
2. Group I-3 occupancies shall be monitored in
accordance with Section 907.2.6.3.

3. Automatic sprinkler systems in one- and two-
family dwellings.
2016 CBC 907.6.6
2016 CBC 907.6.6


Fire sprinklers system monitoring and central station reporting
Fire sprinklers system shall be monitored by fire alarm system with some exceptions. Monitoring not required for NFPA 13D systems as per 2016 CBC 903.4 Exception 1
2016 CBC 903.4 Exception 1
Monitoring is also not required for NFPA 13R systems if there is no separate shutoff valve for sprinklers piping as per Exception 3.
903.4 Sprinkler system supervision and alarms. Valves
controlling the water supply for automatic sprinkler systems,
pumps, tanks, water levels and temperatures, critical air pressures
and waterflow switches on all sprinkler systems shall be
electrically supervised by a listed fire alarm control unit.

Exceptions:
1. Automatic sprinkler systems protecting one- and
two-family dwellings.

2. Limited area sprinkler systems in accordance with
Section 903.3.8.

3. Automatic sprinkler systems installed in accordance
with NFPA 13R where a common supply main is
used to supply both domestic water and the automatic
sprinkler system, and a separate shutoff valve
for the automatic sprinkler system is not provided.

4. Jockey pump control valves that are sealed or locked
in the open position.

5. Control valves to commercial kitchen hoods, paint
spray booths or dip tanks that are sealed or locked in
the open position.

6. Valves controlling the fuel supply to fire pump
engines that are sealed or locked in the open position.

7. Trim valves to pressure switches in dry, preaction
and deluge sprinkler systems that are sealed or
locked in the open position.
2016 CBC 903.4
2016 CBC 903.4

Alarm, trouble and supervisory signals shall be submitted to central station.
903.4.1 Monitoring. Alarm, supervisory and trouble
signals shall be distinctly different and shall be automatically
transmitted to an approved supervising station or,
where approved by the fire code official, shall sound an
audible signal at a constantly attended location.

Exceptions:
1. Underground key or hub valves in roadway boxes
provided by the municipality or public utility are
not required to be monitored.

2. Backflow prevention device test valves located in
limited area sprinkler system supply piping shall
be locked in the open position. In occupancies
required to be equipped with a fire alarm system,
the backflow preventer valves shall be electrically
supervised by a tamper switch installed in
accordance with NFPA 72 and separately annunciated.
2016 CBC 903.4.1
2016 CBC 903.4.1


HVAC system automatic shutoffs
HVAC system supplying air in excess of 2000 CFM shall be shutdown on alarm.
608.1 Air-Moving Systems and Smoke Detectors. Air-
moving systems supplying air in excess of 2000 cubic feet per
minute (ft3/min) (0.9439 m3/s) to enclosed spaces within build-
ings shall be equipped with an automatic shutoff. Automatic
shutoff shall be accomplished by interrupting the power source
of the air-moving equipment upon detection of smoke in the
main supply-air duct served by such equipment. Duct smoke
detectors shall comply with UL 268A, shall be labeled by an
approved agency, approved and listed by California State Fire
Marshal,
and shall be installed in accordance with the manu-
facturer's installation instructions. Such devices shall be
compatible with the operating velocities, pressures, tempera-
tures, and humidities of the system. Where fire-detection or
alarm systems are provided for the building, the smoke detec-
tors shall be supervised by such systems in an approved
manner, and installed in accordance with NFPA 72 and the
California Building and Fire Codes.


Exceptions:
(1) Where the space supplied by the air-moving equipment
is served by a total coverage smoke-detection system in
accordance with the California Fire Code, interconnec-
tion to such system shall be permitted to be used to
accomplish the required shutoff.

(2) Automatic shutoff is not required where occupied rooms
served by the air-handling equipment have direct exit to
the exterior and the travel distance does not exceed 100
feet (30,480 mm).

(3) Automatic shutoff is not required for Group R, Division
3 and Group U Occupancies.

(4) Automatic shutoff is not required for approved smoke-
control systems or where analysis demonstrates shutoff
would create a greater hazard, such as shall be permitted
to be encountered in air-moving equipment supplying
specialized portions of Group H Occupancies. Such
equipment shall be required to have smoke detection
with remote indication and manual shutoff capability at
an approved location.

(5) Smoke detectors that are factory installed in listed air-
moving equipment shall be permitted to be used in lieu
of smoke detectors installed in the main supply-air duct
served by such equipment.
2016 CMC 608.1
2016 CMC 608.1


Combination fire/smoke dampers shutdown
Combination fire/smoke dampers shall be shutdown (actuated) upon smoke detection using one of the five code permitted methods: (1) by duct detector, (2,3) by smoke detector, (4) by corridor smoke detectors, or (5) by total area smoke detection system.
717.3.3.2 Smoke damper actuation. The smoke damper shall close upon
actuation of a listed smoke detector or detectors installed in accordance
with Section 907.3 and one of the following methods, as applicable:

1. Where a smoke damper is installed within a duct,
a smoke detector shall be installed inside the duct
or outside the duct with sampling tubes protruding
into the duct. The detector or tubes within the
duct shall be within 5 feet (1524 mm) of the
damper. Air outlets and inlets shall not be located
between the detector or tubes and the damper.
The detector shall be listed for the air velocity,
temperature and humidity anticipated at the point
where it is installed. Other than in mechanical
smoke control systems, dampers shall be closed
upon fan shutdown where local smoke detectors
require a minimum velocity to operate.

2. Where a smoke damper is installed above smoke barrier doors
in a smoke barrier, a spot-type detector shall be installed on either side
of the smoke barrier door opening. The detector shall be listed
for releasing service if used for direct interface with the damper.

3. Where a smoke damper is installed within an air
transfer opening in a wall, a spot-type detector
shall be installed within 5 feet (1524 mm) horizontally
of the damper. The detector shall be listed for releasing
service if used for direct interface with the damper.

4. Where a smoke damper is installed in a corridor wall or ceiling,
the damper shall be permitted to be controlled by a smoke detection
system installed in the corridor.

5. Where a smoke detection system is installed in all
areas served by the duct in which the damper will
be located, the smoke dampers shall be permitted
to be controlled by the smoke detection system.
2016 CBC 717.3.3.2
2016 CBC 717.3.3.2


Low frequency audible appliances for sleeping areas
Sleeping areas audible devices shall generate low frequency alarm signal.
18.4.5.3 Audible appliances provided for the sleeping areas
to awaken occupants shall produce a low frequency alarm signal
that complies with the following:

(1) The alarm signal shall be a square wave or provide equivalent
awakening ability.

(2) The waveform shall have a fundamental frequency of
520 Hz ± 10 percent.

(3) The notification equipment shall be listed for producing
the low frequency waveform.
2016 NFPA 72 18.4.5.3
2016 NFPA 72 18.4.5.3


High-rise building fire alarm system
Smoke detectors shall be provided in all common areas including corridors, and in all utilities rooms and elevator lobbies as per 2016 CBC 907.2.13.1.1
2016 CBC 907.2.13.1.1
, a fire department communication system (fire-fighter's phones or DAS) as per 2016 CBC 907.2.13.2
2016 CBC 907.2.13.2
and a voice communication as per 2016 CBC 907.5.2.2
2016 CBC 907.5.2.2

907.2.13 High-rise buildings and Group I-2 occupancies
having occupied floors located more than 75 feet above
the lowest level of fire department vehicle access.
High-
rise buildings and Group I-2 occupancies having occupied
floors located more than 75 feet above the lowest level of
fire department vehicle access
shall be provided with an
automatic smoke detection system in accordance with Section
907.2.13.1, a fire department communication system
in accordance with Section 907.2.13.2 and an emergency
voice/alarm communication system in accordance with
Section 907.5.2.2.

Exceptions:
1. Airport traffic control towers in accordance with
Sections 412 and 907.2.22.

2. Open parking garages in accordance with Section 406.5.

3. Buildings with an occupancy in Group A-5 in
accordance with Section 303.1.

4. Low-hazard special occupancies in accordance
with Section 503.1.1.

5. In Group I-2, I-2.1 and R-2.1 occupancies, the
alarm shall sound at a constantly attended location
and occupant notification shall be broadcast
by the emergency voice/alarm communication system.
2016 CBC 907.2.13
2016 CBC 907.2.13


907.2.13.1.1 Area smoke detection. Area
smoke detectors shall be provided in accordance
with this section. Smoke detectors shall be con-
nected to an automatic fire alarm system. The acti-
vation of any detector required by this section shall
activate the emergency voice/alarm communication
system in accordance with Section 907.5.2.2. In
addition to smoke detectors required by Sections
907.2.1 through 907.2.10, smoke detectors shall be
located as follows:

1. In each mechanical equipment, electrical,
transformer, telephone equipment or similar
room which is not provided with sprinkler
protection.

2. In each elevator machine room, machinery
space, control room and control space and in
elevator lobbies.
907.2.13.2 Fire department communication system.
Where a wired communication system is approved
in lieu of an emergency responder radio coverage system
in accordance with Section 510 of the California
Fire Code
, the wired fire department communication
system shall be designed and installed in accordance
with NFPA 72 and shall operate between a fire command
center complying with Section 911, elevators,
elevator lobbies, emergency and standby power rooms,
fire pump rooms, areas of refuge and inside interior exit
stairways. The fire department communication device
shall be provided at each floor level within the interior
exit stairway.
907.5.2.2 Emergency voice/alarm communication
systems.
Emergency voice/alarm communication
systems required by this code shall be designed and
installed in accordance with NFPA 72. The operation
of any automatic fire detector, sprinkler waterflow
device or manual fire alarm box shall automatically
sound an alert tone followed by voice instructions giv-
ing approved information and directions for a general
or staged evacuation in accordance with the building's
fire safety and evacuation plans required by Section
404 of the California Fire Code. In high-rise buildings
and Group I-2 occupancies having occupied floors
located more than 75 feet above the lowest level of fire
department vehicle access
, the system shall operate on
a minimum of the alarming floor, the floor above and
the floor below. Speakers shall be provided throughout
the building by paging zones. At a minimum, paging
zones shall be provided as follows:

1. Elevator groups.
2. Interior exit stairways.
3. Each floor.
4. Areas of refuge as defined in Chapter 2.

Exception: In Group I-2, I-2.1 and R-2.1 occupancies,
the alarm shall sound in a constantly attended
area and a general occupant notification shall be
broadcast over the overhead page.
System record documents cabinet
A documentation cabinet shall be provided with any new fire alarm system.
7.7.2.1 With every new system, a documentation cabinet shall
be installed at the system control unit or at another approved
location at the protected premises.
2016 NFPA 72 7.7.2.1
2016 NFPA 72 7.7.2.1


Fire alarm control panel location sign
Room containing fire alarm control panel shall be identified with sign.
914.2 Equipment room identification. Fire protection
equipment shall be identified in an approved manner.
Rooms containing controls for air-conditioning systems,
sprinkler risers and valves or other fire detection, suppression
or control elements shall be identified for the use of the
fire department. Approved signs required to identify fire
protection equipment and equipment location shall be constructed
of durable materials, permanently installed and
readily visible.
2016 CBC 914.2
2016 CBC 914.2


 
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