Institutional Group I

Institutional Group I


General Group I requirements
Manual and automatic fire alarm system: pull stations at all exits, every level staircase and elevator lobby; smoke detection system in all common areas including corridors. Common areas notification appliances activated by any pull station or smoke detector.
907.2.6 Group I. A manual fire alarm system that activates
the occupant notification system in accordance with
Section 907.5 shall be installed in Group I occupancies.
An automatic smoke detection system that activates the
occupant notification system in accordance with Section
907.5 shall be provided in accordance with Sections
907.2.6.1, 907.2.6.2 and 907.2.6.3.3.

Exceptions:
1. Large family day-care.

2. Occupant notification systems are not required to
be activated where private mode signaling
installed in accordance with NFPA 72 is
approved by the fire code official and staff evacuation
responsibilities are included in the fire
safety and evacuation plan required by Section
404 of the California Fire Code.

2016 CBC 907.2.6

Group I-2 and Group I-2.1
Requirements are similar to Group I with exception where entire facility is used for the housing of persons, none of whom are physically or mentally handicapped or nonambulatory, and are between the ages of 18 and 64. In this case, only manual fire alarm system (pull stations at all exits, every level staircase and elevator lobby; common areas notification appliances activated by any pull station) shall be required.
907.2.6.2 Group I-2 and Group I-2.1. A manual
and automatic fire alarm system shall be installed in
Group I-2 and I-2.1 occupancies. Where automatic fire
suppression systems or smoke detectors are installed,
such systems or detectors shall be connected to the
building fire alarm system.

Exception: Where an entire facility is used for the
housing of persons, none of whom are physically or
mentally handicapped or nonambulatory, and are
between the ages of 18 and 64, the buildings or
structures comprising such facility shall be exempt
from the provisions of this subsection relating to the
installation of an automatic fire alarm system.


2016 CBC 907.2.6.2
2016 CBC 907.2.6.2


Additional Group I-2 and Group I-2.1 smoke detection system
Smoke detector coverage shall be provided in patient and client sleeping rooms. Actuation of such detector shall cause a visual display on the corridor side of the room in which the detector is located and shall cause an audible and visual local alarm at the respective nurses' station.
Smoke detector coverage shall be also provided at each nurse stations and in adjacent corridors and waiting areas.
907.2.6.2.2 Automatic fire detection. Smoke detectors
shall be provided in accordance with this section.

1. In patient and client sleeping rooms. Actuation
of such detectors shall cause a visual display
on the corridor side of the room in which
the detector is located and shall cause an
audible and visual alarm at the respective
nurses' station. A nurse call system listed for
this function is an acceptable means of providing
the audible and visual alarm at the respective
nurses' station and corridor room display.
Operation of the smoke detector shall not
include any alarm verification feature.

Exception: In patient and client rooms
equipped with existing automatic door
closers having integral smoke detector, the
integral detector is allowed to substitute for
the room smoke detector, provided it meets
all the required alerting functions.

2. Group I-2 nurses' stations. A minimum of one
(1) smoke detector shall be installed at the
nurses' station and centrally located.

3. In waiting areas and corridors onto which
they open, in the same smoke compartment, in
accordance with Section 407.2.1.


2016 CBC 907.2.6.2.2
2016 CBC 907.2.6.2.2


Group I-3
Manual and automatic smoke detection system to alert staff only.
907.2.6.3 Group I-3 occupancies. Group I-3 occupancies
shall be equipped with a manual fire alarm system
and automatic smoke detection system installed for
alerting staff.

Exception: An automatic smoke detection system is
not required within temporary holding cells.


2016 CBC 907.2.6.3
2016 CBC 907.2.6.3


Group I-3 manual fire alarm boxes
Manual fire alarm boxes can be located at staff-attended locations only.
907.2.6.3.2 Manual fire alarm boxes. Manual
fire alarm boxes are not required to be located in
accordance with Section 907.4.2 where the fire
alarm boxes are provided at staff-attended locations
having direct supervision over areas where manual
fire alarm boxes have been omitted.

2016 CBC 907.2.6.3.2
2016 CBC 907.2.6.3.2

If provided, manual fire alarm boxes in detainee areas can be locked.
907.2.6.3.2.1 Manual fire alarm boxes in
detainee areas.
Manual fire alarm boxes are
allowed to be locked in areas occupied by detainees,
provided that staff members are present
within the subject area and have keys readily
available to operate the manual fire alarm boxes.

2016 CBC 907.2.6.3.2.1
2016 CBC 907.2.6.3.2.1


Group I-3 automatic smoke detection system
Area smoke detectors can be omitted or substituted with other smoke detection arrangements as long as approved by fire code official having jurisdiction.
907.2.6.3.3 Automatic smoke detection system. An automatic
smoke detection system shall be installed throughout resident housing
areas, including sleeping units and contiguous day rooms, group activity
spaces and other common spaces normally accessible to inmates.

Exceptions:
1. Other approved smoke detection arrangements may be used to
prevent damage or tampering or for other purposes provided
the function of detecting any fire is fulfilled and the location
of the detectors is such that the speed of detection will be
equivalent to that provided by the spacing and location required
in accordance with NFPA 72 as referenced in Chapter 35. This
may include the location of detectors in return air ducts from
cells, behind grilles or in other locations. Spot type, combination
duct and open area smoke detectors may be used when located not
more than 14 inches (356mm) from the return air grill. For initiation
and annunciation purposes, these detectors may be combined
in groups of four. The fire code official having jurisdiction, however,
must approve the proposed equivalent performance of the design.

2. For detention housing and/or mental health housing area(s),
including correctional medical and mental health uses, automatic
smoke detection system in sleeping units shall not be required
when all of the following conditions are met:
   2.1. All rooms, including the inmate cells are provided with
   an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1.
   2.2. Building is continuously staffed by a correctional officer
   at all times.

3. Smoke detectors are not required to be installed in inmate
cells with two or fewer occupants in detention facilities which
do not have a correctional medical and mental health use.

4. Smoke detectors are not required to be installed in inmate
day rooms of detention facilities where 24-hour direct visual
supervision is provided by a correctional officer(s) and a manual
fire alarm box is located in the control room.


2016 CBC 907.2.6.3.3
2016 CBC 907.2.6.3.3


Group I-3 staff alerting system
Staff alerting system installed in lieu of common areas notification appliances shall annunciate at constantly attended location on the floor of alarm and at the facility control center.
907.2.6.3.4 System annunciation. A staff alerting
fire alarm shall sound at all staff control stations on
the floor of activation and an audible and visual signal
shall be indicated on an annunciator at the facility
control center upon activation of any automatic
extinguishing system, automatic detection system, or
any smoke detector or manual actuating or initiating
device. In addition, where there are staff-control
stations on the floor, an audible, visual and manual
alarm shall be located in each staff control station.

Fire and trouble signals of fire alarm systems and
sprinkler water-flow and supervisory signals of
extinguishing systems shall be annunciated in an
area designated as the facility control center which
shall be constantly attended by staff personnel. All
such signals shall produce both an audible signal
and visual display at the facility control center indicating
the building, floor zone or other designated
area from which the signal originated in accordance
with Section 907.6.4.


2016 CBC 907.2.6.3.4
2016 CBC 907.2.6.3.4


Additional requirements as applicable
 
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