Institutional Group I

Institutional Group I


General Group I requirements
Manual and automatic fire alarm system: pull stations at all exits, every level staircase and elevator lobby; smoke detection system in all common areas including corridors. Common areas notification appliances activated by any pull station, smoke detector, or sprinkler waterflow switch.
Occupant notification systems are not required if staff is responsible for evacuation as described in Exception 3.
907.2.6 Group I. A manual fire alarm system that acti-
vates the occupant notification system in accordance with
Section 907.5 shall be installed in Group I occupancies.
An automatic smoke detection system that activates the
occupant notification system in accordance with Section
907.5 shall be provided in accordance with Sections
907.2.6.1, 907.2.6.2 and 907.2.6.3.3.

Exceptions:
1. Large family day-care.

2. Manual fire alarm boxes in sleeping units of
Group I-1 and I-2 occupancies shall not be
required at exits if located at all care providers’
control stations or other constantly attended staff
locations, provided that such manual fire alarm
boxes are visible and provided with ready access,
and the distances of travel required in Section
907.4.2.1 are not exceeded.

3. Occupant notification systems are not required to
be activated where private mode signaling
installed in accordance with NFPA 72 is
approved by the fire code official and staff evacu-
ation responsibilities are included in the fire
safety and evacuation plan required by Section
404 of the California Fire Code.
2019 CBC 907.2.6

Group I-2 and Group I-2.1
Requirements are similar to Group I with exception where entire facility is used for the housing of persons, none of whom are physically or mentally handicapped or nonambulatory, and are between the ages of 18 and 64. In this case, only manual fire alarm system (pull stations at all exits, every level staircase and elevator lobby; common areas notification appliances activated by any pull station) shall be required.
907.2.6.2 Group I-2 and Group I-2.1. A manual
and automatic fire alarm system shall be installed in
Group I-2 and I-2.1 occupancies. Where automatic fire
suppression systems or smoke detectors are installed,
such systems or detectors shall be connected to the
building fire alarm system.

Exception: Where an entire facility is used for the
housing of persons, none of whom are physically
or mentally handicapped or nonambulatory, and
are between the ages of 18 and 64, the buildings
or structures comprising such facility shall be
exempt from the provisions of this subsection
relating to the installation of an automatic fire
alarm system.

2019 CBC 907.2.6.2
2019 CBC 907.2.6.2


Additional Group I-2 and Group I-2.1 smoke detection system
Smoke detector coverage shall be provided in patient and client sleeping rooms. Actuation of such detector shall cause a visual display on the corridor side of the room in which the detector is located and shall cause an audible and visual local alarm at the respective nurses' station.
Smoke detector coverage shall be also provided at each nurse station and in adjacent corridors and waiting areas.
907.2.6.2.2 Automatic fire detection. Smoke detec-
tors shall be provided in accordance with this section.

1. In patient and client sleeping rooms. Actua-
tion of such detectors shall cause a visual
display on the corridor side of the room in
which the detector is located and shall cause
an audible and visual alarm at the respective
nurses' station. A nurse call system listed for
this function is an acceptable means of pro-
viding the audible and visual alarm at the
respective nurses' station and corridor room
display. Operation of the smoke detector
shall not include any alarm verification feature.

Exception: In patient and client rooms
equipped with existing automatic door
closers having integral smoke detector, the
integral detector is allowed to substitute for
the room smoke detector, provided it meets
all the required alerting functions.

2. Group I-2 nurses' stations. A minimum of one
(1) smoke detector shall be installed at the
nurses' station and centrally located.

3. In waiting areas and corridors onto which
they open, in the same smoke compartment, in
accordance with Section 407.2.1.

4. In areas where patients are restrained, smoke
detectors shall be installed at ceilings
throughout all occupied areas and mechani-
cal/electrical spaces of smoke compartments
and in adjacent smoke compartments where
occupants of those compartments utilize the
same means of egress.

2019 CBC 907.2.6.2.2
2019 CBC 907.2.6.2.2


Group I-3
Manual and automatic smoke detection system to alert staff only.
907.2.6.3 Group I-3 occupancies. Group I-3 occu-
pancies shall be equipped with a manual fire alarm sys-
tem and automatic smoke detection system installed for
alerting staff.

Exception: An automatic smoke detection system is
not required within temporary holding cells.

2019 CBC 907.2.6.3
2019 CBC 907.2.6.3


Group I-3 manual fire alarm boxes
Manual fire alarm boxes can be located at staff-attended locations only.
907.2.6.3.2 Manual fire alarm boxes. Manual
fire alarm boxes are not required to be located in
accordance with Section 907.4.2 where the fire
alarm boxes are provided at staff-attended locations
having direct supervision over areas where manual
fire alarm boxes have been omitted.
2019 CBC 907.2.6.3.2
2019 CBC 907.2.6.3.2

If provided, manual fire alarm boxes in detainee areas can be locked.
907.2.6.3.2.1 Manual fire alarm boxes in
detainee areas.
Manual fire alarm boxes are
allowed to be locked in areas occupied by detain-
ees, provided that staff members are present
within the subject area and have keys readily
available to operate the manual fire alarm boxes.
2019 CBC 907.2.6.3.2.1
2019 CBC 907.2.6.3.2.1


Group I-3 automatic smoke detection system
Area smoke detectors can be omitted or substituted with other smoke detection arrangements as long as approved by fire code official having jurisdiction.
907.2.6.3.3 Automatic smoke detection sys-
tem.
An automatic smoke detection system shall be
installed throughout resident housing areas, includ-
ing sleeping units and contiguous day rooms, group
activity spaces and other common spaces normally
open to inmates.

Exceptions:
1. Other approved smoke detection arrange-
ments may be used to prevent damage or
tampering or for other purposes provided
the function of detecting any fire is fulfilled
and the location of the detectors is such
that the speed of detection will be equiva-
lent to that provided by the spacing and
location required in accordance with
NFPA 72 as referenced in Chapter 35. This
may include the location of detectors in
return air ducts from cells, behind grilles
or in other locations. Spot type, combina-
tion duct and open area smoke detectors
may be used when located not more than
14 inches (356mm) from the return air
grill. For initiation and annunciation pur-
poses, these detectors may be combined in
groups of four. The fire code official having
jurisdiction, however, must approve the
proposed equivalent performance of the
design.

2. For detention housing and/or mental health
housing area(s), including correctional
medical and mental health uses, automatic
smoke detection system in sleeping units
shall not be required when all of the fol-
lowing conditions are met:
   2.1. All rooms, including the inmate cells
   are provided with an automatic
   sprinkler system in accordance with
   Section 903.3.1.1.
   2.2. Building is continuously staffed by a
   correctional officer at all times.

3. Smoke detectors are not required to be
installed in inmate cells with two or fewer
occupants in detention facilities which do
not have a correctional medical and mental
health use.

4. Smoke detectors are not required to be
installed in inmate day rooms of detention
facilities where 24-hour direct visual
supervision is provided by a correctional
officer(s) and a manual fire alarm box is
located in the control room.

2019 CBC 907.2.6.3.3
2019 CBC 907.2.6.3.3


Group I-3 staff alerting system
Staff alerting notification appliances shall annunciate at constantly attended location on the floor of alarm and at the facility control center. Manual alarm shall be provided at all staff control stations.
907.2.6.3.4 System annunciation. A staff alerting
fire alarm shall sound at all staff control stations on
the floor of activation and an audible and visual sig-
nal shall be indicated on an annunciator at the facil-
ity control center upon activation of any automatic
extinguishing system, automatic detection system, or
any smoke detector or manual actuating or initiat-
ing device. In addition, where there are staff-control
stations on the floor, an audible, visual and manual
alarm shall be located in each staff control station.

Fire and trouble signals of fire alarm systems and
sprinkler water-flow and supervisory signals of
extinguishing systems shall be annunciated in an
area designated as the facility control center which
shall be constantly attended by staff personnel. All
such signals shall produce both an audible signal
and visual display at the facility control center indi-
cating the building, floor zone or other designated
area from which the signal originated in accordance
with Section 907.6.4.

All local detention facilities within the scope of
Section 6031.4 of the Penal Code shall have a auto-
matic smoke detection system. A manual fire alarm
initiating device shall be installed in all guard con-
trol stations and shall be capable of alerting person-
nel in a central control point to the presence of fire
or smoke within the facility.

2019 CBC 907.2.6.3.4
2019 CBC 907.2.6.3.4


Group I-4 large family day-care
Manual fire alarm system: at least one manual pull station which activates common areas notification appliances shall be provided at approved location.
907.2.6.4 Large family day-care. Every large family
day-care home shall be provided with at least one man-
ual fire alarm box at a location approved by the
authority having jurisdiction. Such device shall actuate
afire alarm signal, which shall be audible throughout
the facility at a minimum level of 15 dB above ambient
noise level. These devices need not be interconnected to
any other fire alarm device, have a control unit or be
electrically supervised or provided with emergency
power. Such device or devices shall be attached to the
structure and must be a device that is listed and
approved by the Office of the State Fire Marshal.

2019 CBC 907.2.6.4
2019 CBC 907.2.6.4

Smoke alarms: single station residential smoke alarms shall be provided.
907.2.10.2.1 Group I‑4 occupancies. Large family
day-care homes shall be equipped with State Fire
Marshal approved and listed single station residen-
tial type smoke alarms.

2019 CBC 907.2.10.2.1
2019 CBC 907.2.10.2.1


Additional Requirements as applicable.
 
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